Showcasing the India’s Ingenuity with Path-breaking Technological Advancements
The space industry is perhaps amongst the fastest developing, and one with maximum scope for discovery and new projects. Sunil Kumar Gupta, renowned businessman and author in the field of investments, emphasizes on the need to further develop this sector in Indian society on an increasingly global scale. He talks about how the Indian Space Research Organization has realized this opportunity and is taking part in exploratory and operational missions, including satellite navigation.
India’s Space Programme stands out as one of the most cost-effective in the world. Space activities in the country were initiated with the setting up of the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962.
Facts & Figures
33 countries and 3 multinational bodies have formal co-operative arrangements in place with the Indian Space Research Organization.
30 spacecraft in differing orbital paths.
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was established in August 1969.
The Government of India constituted the Space Commission and established the Department of Space (DOS) in June 1972 and brought ISRO under DOS in September 1972.
PSLV, in its 23rd flight (PSLV-C20), successfully launched Indo- French Satellite SARAL along with six smaller foreign satellites from Sriharikota on 25 February 2013.
ISRO currently has a constellation of 9 communication satellites, 1 meteorological satellite, 10 Earth observation satellites and 1 scientific satellite.
Satellite Communication Policy
A policy framework for Satellite Communication in India (approved by Government in 1997).
The norms, guidelines and procedures for implementation of the Policy Framework for Satellite Communications in India, approved by the government in the year 2000.
INSAT Co-ordination Committee.
Remote Sensing Data Policy 2011.
Reasons to Invest
Through the last four decades, India’s space programme has attracted global attention for its accelerated rate of development.
India’s cost-effective space programme has launched 51 satellites for 20 countries to date and has the potential to serve as the world’s launchpad.
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has forged a strong relationship with a large number of industrial enterprises, both in the Public and Private Sectors, to implement its space projects.
The technologies licensed to industries for commercialization include Multi-Layer Printed Antenna Technology and DDV 100 Resin system. There are a number of technologies identified for know-how transfer from ISRO. These include technologies behind the various types of adhesives and polymers, silica fibre and granule material, ceramics, pressure transducers, liquid level detectors, temperature sensors, silver plating and thermal control coating techniques, ground penetration radar, elastic Raman Lidar, lower atmospheric wind profiling radar, etc.
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
The prime objective of ISRO is to develop space technology and its application to various national tasks.
Antrix Corporation Limited, the commercial arm of the Department of Space, has undertaken a number of initiatives for the global marketing of space products and services. Antrix has continued to expand its market base.
Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV): Its first launch took place in 1979 with two more in each subsequent year, and the final launch took place in 1982.
Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV): The first launch test was held in 1987, and three others followed in 1988, 1992 and 1994.
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV): PSLV is capable of launching Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites into Sun-synchronous orbits. The reliability and versatility of the PSLV is proven by the fact that it has launched 30 spacecraft (14 Indian and 16 from other countries) into a variety of orbital paths so far.
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV): GSLV, is an expendable launch system developed to enable India to launch its INSAT-type satellites into geostationary orbit and to make India less dependent on foreign rockets.
Space Science Programme
Space science research activities are pursued at the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), the Space Physics Laboratory (SPL), the National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (NARL) and the Special Advisory Group (SAG) at the Indian Space Research Organization Satellite Center (ISAC).
Mars Orbiter Mission is ISRO’s first interplanetary mission to Mars with a spacecraft designed to orbit Mars in an elliptical orbit of 372 km by 80,000 km. The primary driving technological objective of the mission is to design and realise a spacecraft with a capability to reach Mars (Martian Transfer Trajectory), then to orbit around Mars (Mars Orbit Insertion) over a period of 9 months.
Formal co-operative arrangements are currently in place with space agencies of 33 countries and 3 multinational bodies.
The areas of co-operation address mainly remote sensing of the earth, satellite communication, launch services, telemetry and tracking support, space exploration, space law and capacity building.
Co-operative instruments signed during last year are: o An implementation arrangement between ISRO and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the USA for collaboration of OCEANSAT-2 activities.
ISRO and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) are working on the development of the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UVIT) planned on ISRO’s multi-wavelength astronomy satellite ASTROSAT.
ISRO continues to share its facilities, expertise and services in the application of space technology through hosting of United Nations (UN) affiliated Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (CSSTE-AP). As of now, there are more than 1100 beneficiaries from 52 countries.
ISRO, on behalf of India, continues to play an active role in the deliberation of the United Nations Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UN-COPUOS).
Department of Space (www.dos.gov.in)
Indian Space Research Organization (www.isro.gov.in)
Antrix Corporation Limited (www.antrix.gov.in)
Thus the space industry has major scope for advancement and expansion. Sunil Kumar Gupta has further elaborated on this industry, and has provided valuable information on the best possible investment opportunities, in his book “Make in India.” You can find out more by reading his engaging and informative blogs, or checking out his website ww.sunilkumargupta.com.